Criteria met: High volume (globally threatened), sharp increase
Principal trade term to the EU: skulls
Principal source: wild
Top EU importer: Germany
Top Trading Partner: Mongolia
CITES Appendix: I
IUCN Status: Endangered
In 2011, EU-reported imports primarily consisted of 63 wild-sourced skulls imported for scientific purposes directly from Mongolia. The import of 25 specimens directly from Mongolia for scientific purposes in 2010 represents the only other record of wild-sourced trade 2002-2011. Small quantities of captive-bred live animals and specimens were also reported by EU importers over this period, with only one live, captive-bred horse imported in 2011 (for zoological purposes).